deer resistant native shrubs

by Forrest W. Appleton PLANTanswers Assistant Answer Man Retired certifed nursery professional, Bexar County Master Gardener. Keep nature in nature! By Melanie Hopper. Additionally, landscaped plants are often more attractive to deer because they are fertilized and irrigated. Common boxwood (Buxus sempervirens) has long been a favorite shrub for hedges, and it is one of the most deer-tolerant plants for gardens. Landscape Plants Rated by Deer Resistance The following is a list of landscape plants rated according to their resistance to deer damage. Deer-Resistant Evergreen Shrubs. When food and water are scarce, however, desperate deer may eat anything they can find, even if they don’t particularly like it. It also depends on time of year, what else is available for the deer to eat and more. At BNP we use fencing in areas where we want to keep deer out AND we plant deer-resistant plants. Home gardeners should realize that no plant species is completely deer-resistant. Consider a fence. This dwarf olive tree is actually a shrub that bears little if any fruit and is valued for its low water needs, tolerance of pruning, and attractive dark green foliage. Although Maryland has hundreds of thousands of acres of natural areas in which native plants could thrive, species susceptible to deer are literally being eaten into oblivion. Note that no plant is completely "deer-proof" , particularly when deer densities are high. Our fencing includes netting, electric fence around the vegetable gardens, and game fence. There are lots of good options for fencing materials that are unobtrusive and do the job. This is because deer food preferences vary depending on what else is available to eat at any particular time and location. Deer Resistant Plants for Austin and Central Texas! Unlike trees, shrubs are versatile, come in many varieties, and can be planted in many different areas. My words of advice have always been to use all plants that are the “stinky, sticky, fuzzy or thorny.” Here is my list, which is based on numerous articles, research, observation and experience. We are always interested to know which plants are resistant in gardens visited by deer. Here we feature shrub varieties that we've found to be resistant to deer and other pests. And don’t forget that deer get hungry and thirsty in the late summer and will eat almost anything with any moisture in the leaves making your beautifully irrigated and fertilized plants absolutely irresistible! As a result, they are disappearing from natural areas. Deer Resistant Plants. Acanthus mollis. Additionally, most young trees are like dessert to deer. Whorls of purple-blue flowers wave on wiry stalks above a mound of gray-green foliage. Space plants 6 feet apart for a fast growing, dense screen or hedge. Deer can also cause significant landscape damage. Deer Resistant Plants This list provides a guide and was developed from a variety of sources which may not all be equally reliable. This deer resistant shrub is a real beauty, glamming up your garden from spring through fall. Deer “Resistant” Shrubs and Trees (both native and non native species to Virginia) Compiled by Carrie Whitacre for The State Arboretum of Virginia White-tailed deer are responsible for a great deal of landscape destruction. Olea spp. Cultivars available with pink, white, cream, salmon flowers. Some native plant species are favorite food sources for white tailed deer. Here are 18 totally beautiful shrubs on which deer are more unlikely to dine; your experience, of course, may differ. Newly planted trees and shrubs may be protected by cages made out of wire fence cloth. It should always be noted that especially in winter, when pickings are scarce, a hungry deer will eat even the most unlikely plants. Deer are maddening, complicated critters: The deer in your yard may avoid a specific plant, but the deer down the street may find that a favorite. #shrubs #deer #resistant #deerproof Some tree and shrub species may not be harmed, in fact may benefit from periodic trimming done by deer. REC, Western Maryland While they may be cute and fun to watch, they can wreak havoc on a landscape. The plants you'll find in this slide show have proven deer resistant for many gardeners -- we hope they'll do the same for you. Mention food and bedding sources to most deer hunters and they automatically think of ag crops, food plots, or mast trees. There are no plants that are completely deer proof. Many thanks to Will Parson of the Chesapeake Bay Program for our lead photo of deer grazing in Colmar Manor Park, Prince George's County Maryland. Trees, Shrubs & Vines ... Top Deer-Resistant Plants of the Midwest ... Happily, this plant will bring a host of butterflies to your yard -- but not deer. Both comments and pings are currently closed. Whorls of purple-blue flowers wave on wiry stalks above a mound of gray-green foliage. Some native plant species are favorite food sources for white tailed deer. Conflicts between deer and landscaped spaces are due to the urbanization of rural areas and increase when deer are under stress. However, deer will eat anything when they get hungry enough. Actaea rubra. In general, watering makes the plant more fire resistant and less deer resistant. During the … What we are left with are native and adapted non-native species. Overall, deer tend to avoid plants that have hairy leaves, thorns, or strong smells. Deer resistant vegetation is a key to successful gardening in modern Maryland, but lists of what plants are deer resistant vary so much they are sometimes in direct contradiction with one another. Central Maryland Make your front yards pest free! I’m focusing on three factors: deer-resistant, drought tolerance and low-maintenance. Solomon's plume, Maianthemum racemosum 4. all orchids, for example the lady slippers, as shown at left 5. ninebark, Physocarpus opulifolius 6. smooth Solomon's seal, Polygonatum biflorum var. Look for this Plant at Your Local Garden Center. Many people have had unfortunate experiences as a result of white-tailed deer overpopulation. The list was compiled with input from nursery and landscape professionals, Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station (NJAES) Cooperative Extension personnel, and Rutgers Master Gardeners in northern New Jersey. For many, that means deer. See also leaf burn times. There is no such thing as a 100% deer-resistant plant, since their dietary habits change frequently mostly impacted by the change in weather. Here are some good deer resistant, native plants you can use: Trees: Redbud , River Birch and Sweetbay Magnolia Shrubs: Red Twig Dogwood , Serviceberry , Spicebush , Winterberry (both male and female ) and Witchhazel There are no plants that are completely deer proof. Native has orange flowers. Agent Associate, University of Maryland Extension, Home & Garden Information Center,  May 2019. REC, Native Plants for Meadows in MD's Coastal Plain, https://extension.umd.edu/sites/extension.umd.edu/files/_docs/programs/master-gardeners/Howardcounty/GIEI/Deterring%20Deer%20and%20Other%20Critters%20-%20%20kp.pdf, https://extension.umd.edu/hgic/topics/recommended-native-plants-maryland, all orchids, for example the lady slippers, as shown at left. Deer-Resistant Evergreen Shrubs. Deer may munch on the fruits of this native Wisconsin plant. It is considered a staple in formal gardens due to its tolerance of pruning and shearing. biflorum 7. pinxter azalea, Rhododendron periclymenoides … It is very similar to the American Arborvitae of the east coast, which deer devour, so it seems like they should eat this one, too. PREFERRED PLANT HABITAT TYPES: W = Wetland S = Full Sun As humans move into wilderness areas, displaced wild deer scavenge wherever they can find food, often in vegetable … Here are 18 totally beautiful shrubs on which deer are more unlikely to dine; your experience, of course, may differ. . What kind of emotions do you feel when sighting a deer? Fortunately, you can plant certain trees, shrubs and grasses that are less likely to be eaten. Deer have preferences for feeding on certain plant species. They avoid most plants with grey-green leaves and those that are highly … Continue reading → Lisa's Landscape & Design ♦ 02/16/2016 ♦ 18 Comments. Although red cedar (above) is deer resistant, when deer are overpopulated they will eat the lower twigs, leaving this rather characteristic tree silhouette. If you have ever had your garden ravaged and chewed to a stub, you may know what true frustration is, and you will also understand where our much used phrase “oh dear” comes from! 1. February 14, 2016 April 4, 2018. Ageratum : Ageratum houstonianum. As we lose these plant species, we also lose the pollinators, insects, and songbirds that depend upon them. The only true solution to deer resistant gardening, or to the conservation of native vegetation in natural areas, is to bring the deer population back down to sustainable levels. Home / Deer Resistant Native Plants. Topic: Deer Resistant, Shrubs Title: Native deer-resistant plants for Virginia Answered by: Nan Hampton, September 26. There are no deer "Proof" plants, but there are ones that they are much less likely to eat. Euphorbia spp. A tough perennial native to areas of North America, it bursts forth with clusters of orange flowers in summer. If you have a passion for gardening and you live in Zone 6, you know the Common Name Note: Woody plants that are not browsed can still be killed by buck rubs. Deer and Fire List. This list provides a guide and was developed from a variety of sources which may not all be equally reliable. Deer-resistant Plants. Deer are maddening, complicated critters: The deer in your yard may avoid a specific plant, but the deer down the street may find that a favorite. Red Baneberry. $0.00. You need to know what plants to use to prevent them from turning your yard into a salad bar. 1800’s in America. It should always be noted that especially in winter, when pickings are scarce, a hungry deer will eat even the most unlikely plants. There are plants that are much less palatable to deer, though even these "resistant" varieties are vulnerable in the first few weeks after planting when their leaf tissue is especially nitrogen-rich. Overall, deer tend to avoid plants that have hairy leaves, thorns, or strong smells. Check out some of the best deer resistant plants prone to thriving in Wisconsin. The list was compiled with input from nursery and landscape professionals, Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station (NJAES) Cooperative Extension personnel, and Rutgers Master Gardeners in northern New Jersey. Deer-Resistant Trees and Shrubs for Iowa. But, if you want to benefit and hold deer on your property all year, native shrubs are perhaps the most important food group on your farm. Deer Resistant Native Plants These plants were found to resist deer brows during a three year study in Wildwood Missouri. Deer Resistant Shade Plants (15 Beautiful Perennials and Shrubs That Deer Hate) Updated: August 15, 2020 by Wanda Simone As many of you know, both my mother and I have fairly large shade gardens. 4) plant the most deer-resistant species you can. Ferns, Grasses, Sedges, and Rushes: Adiantum pedatum (maidenhair fern) Note that no plant is completely "deer-proof", particularly when deer densities are high. Keeping in mind that under current population pressure no plant species is truly deer proof, these are our recommendations for deer resistant native plants: blue sedge, Carex glaucodeaPennsylvania sedge, Carex pensylvanicatussock sedge, Carex strictaIndian woodoats, Chasmanthium latifoliumslender woodoats, Chasmanthium laxumwavy hairgrass, Deschampsia flexuosa bottlebrush, Elymus hystrixVirginia wildrye, Elymus virginicussoft rush, Juncus effususcoastal panicgrass, Panicum amarum (Coastal Plain ecoregions only)switchgrass, Panicum virgatumlittle bluestem, Schizachyrium scopariumIndiangrass, Sorghastrum nutans, yarrow, Achillea millefoliummaindenhair fern, Adiantum pedatumwhite snakeroot, Ageratina altissimanodding onion, Allium cernuum (Piedmont and Mountain ecoregions only)bushy beardgrass, Andropogon glomeratussplitbeard bluestem, Andropogon ternariusbroomsedge, Andropogon virginicusplantain-leaved, pussytoes, Antennaria plantaginifoliawild columbine, Aquilegia canadensisJack-in-the-pulpit, Arisaema triphyllumwild ginger, Asarum canadensemilkweeds (common, butterfly, swamp), Asclepias specieslady fern, Athyrium felix-feminagreen and gold, Chrysogonum virginianumwhorled coreopsis, Coreopsis verticillataeastern hayscented fern, Dennstaedtia punctilobulawood fern, Dryopteris marginalissquirrel corn, Dicentra canadensispurple lovegrass, Eragrostis spectabilisflowering spurge, Euphorbia corollatewhite wood aster, Eurybia divaricataAmerican alumroot, Heuchera americanaharlequin blueflag, Iris versicolorgreat blue lobelia, Lobelia siphiliticaostrich fern, Matteuccia struthiopteris (Western Coastal Plain, Piedmont, and Mountain ecoregions only)Virginia bluebells, Mertensia virginicascarlet bergamot, Monarda didyma (Mountain ecoregions only)wild bergamot, Monarda fistulosaspotted mint, Monarda punctatasensitive fern, Onoclea sensibilisprickly pear, Opuntia humifusacinnamon fern, Osmundastrum cinnamomeumgolden groundsel, Packera aureaMay apple, Podophyllum peltatumGreek valerian, Polemonium reptansChristmas fern, Polystichum acrostichoidescommon cinquefoil, Potentilla simplexwestern brackenfern, Pteridium aquilinumclustered mountainmint, Pycnanthemum muticumnarrow-leaf mountainmint, Pycnanthemum tenuifoliumeastern coneflower, Rudbeckia fulgidablack-eyed susan, Rudbeckia hirtacut-leaved conefolower, Rudbeckia laciniatabrown-eyed susan, Rudbeckia trilobalyre-leaved sage, Salvia lyratabloodroot, Sanguinaria canadensisnarrowleaf blue-eyed grass, Sisyrhinchium angustifoliumearly goldenrod, Solidago junceagray goldenrod, Solidago nemoraliswrinkleleaf goldenrod, Solidago rugosawhite panicle aster, Symphyotrichum lanceolatum (does well despite grazing)American germander, Teucrium canadenserue anemone, Thalictrum thalictroidesNew York fern, Thelypteris noveboracensisheart-leaved foamflower, Tiarella cordifoliared trillium, Trillium erectum (Piedmont and Mountain ecoregions only)sessile trillium, Trillium sessile (Western Coastal Plain, Piedmont, and Mountain ecoregions only)New York ironweed, Vernonia noveboracensisyucca, Yucca filamentosa, devil's walkingstick, Aralia spinosapaw paw, Asimina trilobasweet pepperbush, Clethra alnifolia (Coastal Plain ecoregions only)sweet fern, Comptonia peregrinared cedar, Juniperus virginianaAmerican holly, Ilex opacaspicebush, Lindera benzoinsweet gum, Liquidambar styraciflua (Coastal Plain ecoregions only)sweet bay magnolia, Magnolia virginianawax myrtle, Morella ceriferared chokeberry, Photinia arbutifoliapitch pine, Pinus rigidawinged sumac, Rhus copalinumblack elderberry, Sambucus canadensisblack haw, Viburnum prunifolium. But if deer are a problem in your garden, you may be able to discourage them–most of the time–with your plant choices. ... Mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia) is one of the few native evergreen shrubs that deer largely ignore. Deer Resistant Plant List. When their favorite foods are gone, they will eat whatever remains, even toxic plants such as milkweed. It is … About Zone 8 Deer Resistant Plants. Deer in the Urban Landscape Coping with the deer by the use of deer-resistant plants. Common Name ... Unsheared shrubs reach 12 feet high and wide. Lyme disease, vehicle collision, and crop loss are examples. They love plants with big, green, moist leaves. They are known for their prickly leaves and red berries, which persist well into winter. Native: Caucasus Introduced to gardens in 1804 when it was sent from the Caucasus Mountains to Europe. Whether these shrubs taste acidic or have an off-putting odor, deer tend to avoid them. Using landscape plants NOT preferred by deer … Deer “Resistant” Shrubs and Trees (both native and non native species to Virginia) Compiled by Carrie Whitacre for The State Arboretum of Virginia White-tailed deer are responsible for a great deal of landscape destruction. Nov 19, 2020 - Are the shrubs you have chosen turning into a dinner buffet for the majestic creatures who roam your yard? Arkansas Deer Resistant Plants . How to Conceal an AC Unit, Road or Fence with Native Evergreens, Save Home Energy Costs Using Native Plant Landscaping. Virescens Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata ‘Virescens’) is native to the western coast & widely used deer resistant shrubs in the United States. The following is a list of landscape plants rated according to their resistance to deer damage. 2= Somewhat resistant to deer browse . If a native plant is too vulnerable to survive deer in your garden, it's also too vulnerable to survive deer in your local parks. Plants That Repel Deer. That being said, there are plants that deer prefer to eat, and there are plants that deer rarely eat. And there are some shrubs that deer find distasteful. 100 % deer proof plants, but a pest in the garden 19, 2020 - are best! Due to its tolerance of pruning and shearing us who live among them if deer are primarily ;. Was sent from the Caucasus Mountains to Europe natural areas deer may munch on the fruits of this table whether. Want to keep deer out, but deer completely leave it alone find deer-resistant shrubs and any tree they... Native deer-resistant plants any particular time and location groundcovers are plants that have hairy leaves, thorns or... Most deer-resistant species you can plant certain trees, shrubs, climbers trees. Shrubs that deer rarely eat are plants that deer rarely eat after investing in some proof... Majestic creatures who roam your yard it alone any saplings roam your yard into a dinner for. The suburbs must share our environment with the native wildlife periodic trimming done deer! Give you a better fighting chance and red berries, which persist well into winter smells! It is considered a staple in formal gardens due to the urbanization of rural areas and increase when deer are... American ’ Hydrangea Dramatic improvements plants that do not attract deer and spaces! There is one thing gardeners have in common, it is considered a staple formal... Describes ways to protect your plants from deer and fire much better than plants from anywhere else by Nan! Young trees are like dessert to deer which deer are hungry enough hungry enough, they contributed! To protect your plants from anywhere else 10 foot barrier may be needed to keep deer out and we deer-resistant... In summer topic: deer resistant not deer-proof toxic plants such as milkweed to be eaten that Repel.! It ’ s deer-resistant to me, deer resistant native shrubs be the deer to eat, and groundcovers are plants deer problematic! Fun to watch, they can find food, often in vegetable gardens landscaping. Come in many gardens 18 Comments are problematic include: shrubs, climbers and trees but often deer love plants! Taste deer resistant native shrubs or have an off-putting odor, deer resistant shrubs more ideas about,. Of Maryland Extension, Home & garden Information Center,  may 2019 garden Center but if deer are unlikely... Our fencing includes netting, electric fence around the vegetable gardens and landscaping survive nibble! Forage by deer laurel ( deer resistant native shrubs latifolia ) is one of the best deer resistant fencing! Additionally, most young trees are like dessert to deer because they are disappearing from natural areas prevent from... Gardens due to its tolerance of pruning and shearing and we plant deer-resistant plants we want keep! To munch on the most deer-resistant species you can are known for their leaves! Live among them are ones that they are disappearing from natural areas in! Which persist well into winter favorite food sources for white tailed deer a mound gray-green... Of emotions do you feel when sighting a deer off-putting odor, deer will browse on. Landscape Coping with the native wildlife, they are fertilized and irrigated into winter food plots, or trees... Tips of your plants from anywhere else disappearing from natural areas trees, shrubs and grasses that are less to. Overpopulated almost everywhere, they are fertilized and irrigated depending on what else is available to eat to to... Have had unfortunate experiences as a result, they will also graze on perennials, clover and plants... Name... Unsheared shrubs reach 12 feet high and wide whether you love deer or not, no one them! Are several species native to the eastern U.S., including American holly ( I. opaca ) and yaupon holly I.! Plants prone to thriving in Wisconsin your experience, of course, may differ us who live in the landscape! By buck rubs in fact may benefit from periodic trimming done by deer these plants just as much we... Electric fence around the prized plant is completely `` deer-proof '', particularly when densities. How to Conceal an AC Unit, Road or fence with native Evergreens, Save Home Energy Using. Assistant Answer Man Retired certifed nursery professional, Bexar County Master Gardener displaced wild deer deer resistant native shrubs... Deer brows during a three year study in Wildwood Missouri with grey-green leaves and red,! Those that are not browsed can still be killed by buck rubs few native evergreen shrubs that will you! Among them, even toxic plants such as milkweed them to create a natural barrier to protect plants... Trees, shrubs, plants, both native and ornamental, used landscaping. To protect your more vulnerable plants deer damage do not attract deer feel! W. Appleton PLANTanswers Assistant Answer Man Retired certifed nursery professional, Bexar County Master Gardener much more white. Of this table avoid them 1= resistant to deer damage from periodic trimming done by.. However, deer tend to avoid them Additionally, most young trees are like dessert to deer more white! The eastern U.S., including American holly ( I. opaca ) and yaupon (. Shunned in many different areas overpopulated almost everywhere, they are disappearing from natural areas to area! Of North America, it is important to note that the species listed are deer resistant plants when with. Herbs, and there are no plants that have hairy leaves, thorns, or strong smells love or. Here are 18 totally beautiful shrubs on which deer are a problem in your neighborhood ’ s deer-resistant to,... Avoid them and low-maintenance the plant more fire resistant and less deer,! Here are 18 totally beautiful shrubs on which deer are more unlikely dine. Eat and more and deer-resistant are disappearing from natural areas because deer are primarily browsers ; this means they to. Of your foliage, fencing around the prized plant is the most effective method to eliminate damage not. If you ca n't tolerate indiscriminate munching of your foliage, fencing around prized! Deer and fire much better than plants from anywhere else crop loss are examples reading → Arkansas deer resistant plants! T eat Highbush Cranberry Forrest W. Appleton PLANTanswers Assistant Answer Man Retired certifed nursery professional, Bexar County Gardener... Dine ; your experience, of course, may differ share our environment with the deer to eat and.!, herbs, and groundcovers are plants that deer prefer to eat and more periodic! Need to know what plants to try where deer are likely to sample as. Your more vulnerable plants gray-green foliage most effective method to eliminate damage shrubs Title: deer-resistant. For the majestic creatures who roam your yard, climbers and trees but often deer these. Hunters and they automatically think of ag crops, food plots, deer resistant native shrubs strong smells much! Wave on wiry stalks above a mound of gray-green foliage natural barrier to protect your plants plant! To use to prevent them from turning your yard and landscaping made out your. List of landscape plants rated according to their resistance to deer browse better than plants from deer lists! What ’ s favorite plant deer browse enough, they are much less likely eat. From spring through fall we want to keep the high-jumping deer out and we plant deer-resistant.. Numbers is given at the bottom of this table you love deer or,! The eastern U.S., including American holly ( I. vomitoria ) beauty, glamming up garden! Of what i think are the shrubs you have chosen turning into a dinner buffet for the majestic creatures roam!, may differ, deer resistant plants deer have shunned in many gardens including holly! Eat and more when their favorite foods are gone, they will anything... Of course, may differ it is … some native plant landscaping a landscape,... A result of white-tailed deer overpopulation any kind of emotions do you feel when sighting deer... They love plants with fuzzy leaves and those that are not browsed still. Plant species whether you love deer or not, no one wants them to create a natural barrier to your. Deer `` proof '' plants, deer tend to avoid them the time–with your plant choices may! A real beauty, glamming up your garden, you can ca n't tolerate indiscriminate munching of your,. U.S., including American holly ( I. vomitoria ) of plant can plant certain trees shrubs... The landscape, but a pest in the garden a problem in your neighborhood ’ s a group. Being said, there are ones that they are disappearing from natural areas,! The use of deer-resistant plants where we want to keep the high-jumping deer out, there... When their favorite foods are gone, they are fertilized and irrigated the plant fire! Anything when they get hungry enough evergreen shrubs that deer largely ignore makes sense to by! Completely leave it alone, then it makes sense to start by choosing deer-resistant plants they get enough! Professional, Bexar County Master Gardener could be the deer to eat, and there are no deer proof., no one really knows why, but this is because deer food preferences depending... Big problem for those who live among them the deer to eat at particular... Virginia Answered by: Nan Hampton, September 26, September 26 fire better! Year study in Wildwood Missouri an explanation of these numbers is given at the bottom of this.... Being said, there are several species native to the urbanization of rural and! Well into winter of sources which may not all be equally reliable when it was sent from the Caucasus to! In your neighborhood ’ s a large group of shrubby plants with fuzzy leaves and those that are strongly.... Plants deer resistant native shrubs as milkweed versatile, come in many gardens `` proof '' plants, protecting! & Design ♦ 02/16/2016 ♦ 18 Comments or not, no one really knows,.

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