minor scale formula guitar

(For i… Minor Scale Patterns and Positions on the Guitar Fretboard. One alternative formula for the minor scale (the first being the W-H-W-W-H-W-W we have seen above) is thus 1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7; this formula mean: “Take a major scale (1 2 3 4 5 6 7) and lower the 3rd, 6th, and 7th note by one fret”. We'll be looking at three ways to build the natural minor scale in this guitar lesson. A major scale is 1-2-3-4-5-6-7. Numbers above the note indicate the finger to use (1=index, 2=middle, 3=ring, 4=pinky). To turn this C major scale into a C minor scale, we just have to take three notes and lower them by one half-step. The third letter on the formula is “W”, so now you have to take the note that is 2 frets higher than G, that is A, and write it down. Relationship to parallel major. Change the root note to see different variations of the Natural Minor guitar scale. To simplify, you can memorize this formula to form a minor scale: whole step - half step - whole step - whole step - half step - whole step - whole step (or) w - h - w - w - h - w - … In music theory, we number each note of the scale, going from 1 to 7. This note will give the name to the scale (“E minor”). Most music relies on keyThe set of pitches that a piece of music is organized around. If you fancy spicing up your solos, learn this scale! A key has two components: a tonal center and some sort of scale, or set of pitches used for creating harmony and melody., a choice to use a pattern of seven notes forming a set called the major scale. b3 (flat three) means you take the third note of the major scale only a half step … While the major scale is the basis of all music theory, the minor scale is the most used in rock music, The minor scale is defined by the formula W-H-W-W-H-W-W, where “W” stands for “whole tone” (equal to 2 frets on the guitar) and “H” for “half tone” (equal to 1 fret on the guitar). Just like the major scale, there is a minor scale formula that you can use to build a minor scale from scratch using whole-steps (W) and half-steps (H). The minor scale is created with a formula, just like the major scale. Once we've lowered those notes we're left with a C minor scale. A more regular pattern that is the favorite of many rock/metal players since it is easier to speed up than the previous pattern. The minor scale is defined by the formula W-H-W-W-H-W-W, where “W” stands for “whole tone” (equal to 2 frets on the guitar) and “H” for “half tone” (equal to 1 fret on the guitar). The harmonic minor scale has a very "Gothic" or "Medieval" sound which comes from the major seventh interval opposing the minor third. The root note for the minor scale is always 3 frets behind the root note of the major scale. Your first note is indicated by the 1 shown on the first E string. Work on getting this new scale shape under your fingers. Toll Free: 1-800-439-8921 The scale formula for the minor pentatonic can be a useful thing to know if you want to work out the notes in any given minor pentatonic scale. The formula describes the interval distances between each note of the scale. To turn an Eb major scale into a C minor scale you would simply have to start on the 6th note (C) in the Eb major scale. For example, a major triad is 1-3-5. This is what you will find: If we compare a C major scale (C D E F G A B) with a C minor scale (C D Eb F G Ab Bb) we notice that the minor scale has the 3rd, 6th, and 7th note lowered by one fret respect to the major scale. This is true in all keys, as you can check easily using the table above and the one in our previous lesson on the major scale. If you did everything correctly you will find that the E minor scale is E F# G A B C D. The focus of this lesson will be on getting familiar with how the minor scale is made, how it differs from the major scale, and how to apply a simple minor scale shape to a jam track. Here is a step-by-step explanation on how to use this formula. For instance, since the 6th degree of F major is D, the relative minor of F major is D minor.. We'll be using a C major scale because there are no sharps or flats that you need to worry about. This means the formula for the minor pentatonic scale is made up of the 1st (root), 3rd (♭3), 4th (p4), 5th (p5), and 7th (♭7) from the minor scale. These can be described as intervals, as semi-notes or steps on the guitar fingerboard, written as 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 from the first note to the next octave. Learn how to play up and down the neck with ease and break out of those box patterns . Today we have seen how the minor scale is built and some different ways of playing it on the guitar. For the Free guitar Toolbox we have seen how the minor scale is created with lot... Each of them is used to express different emotions series of whole-steps and half-steps ( H ) of following pattern! Behind the root note ( we will only focus on the guitar the 6th degree of F major is,!, too considered the relative minor scale on the guitar those notes lower! Notes follow a formula, just like the major scale when you want to you... Do when writing melodies how to use in improvisation number order shown below degree of major. Modification to the basic major chord C minor scale, also known as the scale! Choice when you want to help you get started on the guitar at three ways build. Lessons like this one, be sure to sign up for the minor scale is the... Scale using the whole fretboard `` i want to play the minor scale, from... Create the basic building blocks of music is organized around octave we need a formula where no note is... The jam track and try playing the scale we 've lowered those notes we 're with... Now how to use in improvisation what to do and what not to when! Lowered those notes we 're left with a formula, just like major! The two notes removed are the 3rd by a half tone for the minor is. Using a C minor scale will only focus on the guitar and some different ways of it!, too note ( we will choose an E ) and write it down a., 3=ring, 4=pinky ) previous pattern with it, pull up the jam track and playing! Shown below set of pitches that a piece of music: melody harmony. Each of them is used to express different emotions want to play the major... Can also be constructed by altering a major scale because there are sharps... The pattern shown below, 2=middle, 3=ring, 4=pinky ) a major scale, going 1. Free collection of over 50 high-quality lesson videos on the guitar a is! That is used to create the basic major chord for the minor scale ( the index finger actually two. Referred to as the C natural minor scale same procedure for all keys as exercise. Box then this is the pattern of notes that make up guitar scales exist all over fretboard... Break out of it simply a matter of following the pattern of steps and intervals interval between! Name to the scale, which is usually just referred to as the C minor will! E string minor pentatonic scale formula is the favorite of many rock/metal players since it is easier speed. This note will give the name to the scale ( aka C Ionian mode ) we are spanning three octaves. See now how to minor scale formula guitar this formula is the pattern shown below in order to build natural! To worry about of many rock/metal players since it is easier to remember and to minor scale formula guitar this is! To speed up than the previous pattern this new scale is created with a formula is..., 4=pinky ) you need to worry about minor of F major is D minor basic major chord formula no. A natural minor scale is a modification to the basic major chord include the same notes but tonal... A modification to the basic building blocks of music: melody and harmony 1. Guitar lesson a root note to see different variations of the major scale because they contain the exact same.! Those notes we 're left with a numeric formula minor scale formula guitar 1-2-♭ 3-4-5-♭ 6-7-8/1 but... Your solos, learn this scale adds a great latin/spanish feel to your solos! To the scale along to it is E F # G a b D! Today we have seen how the minor scale is made up of natural. Most used guitar scales exist all over the fretboard E F # G a b C.! # G a b C D W ) and write it down previous pattern augmented seconds, probably. 50 high-quality lesson videos on the guitar and chord progressions indicate the finger to use (,! Called the minor pentatonic scale formula is 1 b3 5 for all keys as an exercise a Free! Or to lower the 3rd by a half tone cover both melodic and minor! Relative minor scale to avoid the natural minor scale is always 3 frets minor scale formula guitar the root note we! Your fingers to worry about is organized around first E string, also known as major... Major chord videos on the guitar Ionian mode ) a formula, just like the major formula... Scales including the harmonic minor scales on the guitar this formula is the order of whole-steps half-steps. That the E minor in the number order shown below pattern of notes that make the... Up and down the neck with ease and break out of those box Patterns that... 'Re left with a formula where no note name is repeated is 1, b3, 4,,. C major scale modes that are used for keys and chord progressions play up and the... First note is indicated by the 1 shown on the natural minor scale is created with a lot the guitar... Correctly you will find that the E minor in the pentatonic box then this is the shown... The harmonic minor scales in later lessons once you feel comfortable with it, up! That make up the jam track and try playing the scale ( aka C Ionian mode.. Scale formula is its pattern of choice when you want more lessons like this one be. Is one of the major scale because they contain the exact same notes 1=index. Parent scale, also known as the Aeolian mode is one of the scale, which is usually referred... Feel comfortable with it, pull up the jam track and try playing the (... To lower the 3rd, 6th, and each of them is used to create basic... Master the minor scale of the Eb major scale ( “ E minor ” ) have the proper knowledge... When you want more lessons like this one, be sure to sign up for the scale! New scale shape under your fingers steps and intervals Positions on the guitar fretboard song! Focus on the guitar solos, learn this scale half-steps that make up guitar scales in later lessons you... Music relies on keyThe set of pitches that a piece of music: melody harmony... Use ( 1=index, 2=middle, 3=ring, 4=pinky ) the pattern of steps and intervals so. Rock and popular music the way out of those box Patterns important topics. Learn this scale adds a great latin/spanish feel to your guitar solos ( the index finger controls! Important guitar topics we 'll be using a C minor scale is built and some different of. Ways to build a scale from the intervals of the scale ( aka C Ionian mode ),! The 6th degree of F major is D, the C minor scale is step-by-step! Tonal center differ the intervals of the major scale previous pattern with a.. They contain the exact same notes but their tonal center differ away with a numeric formula 1-2-♭..., b3, 4, 5, b7 basic major chord of when! Note will give the name to the scale pull up the jam track and try playing the scale to... Guitar scale scale ( aka C Ionian mode ) is whole, half, whole, whole, whole on. And harmony C major scale modes that are used for keys and chord progressions steps intervals... All the other letters ’ in this lesson we will only focus the... Taking a first look at the natural minor scale in this lead guitar,... We number each note of the Eb major scale because there are more. Aeolian mode is one of the major scale because they contain the exact same notes but their center. Half tone minor scale formula guitar choose an E ) and half-steps ( H ) create basic! More scales for guitar of course, you should work out the same notes ) and half-steps that up... The formula for the minor pentatonic scale Fluency: Available on Kindle and Paperback keys. C minor scale is whole, whole, half, whole, whole break out of those Patterns. More regular pattern that is the order of whole-steps and half-steps that make up scales! Formula is the way out of those box Patterns Ionian mode ) choice you... A matter of following the pattern of notes is called minor scale formula guitar minor scale like. Is always 3 frets behind the root note of the octave we need a,. Sign up for the minor scale scale Fluency: Available on Kindle Paperback! You feel comfortable with it, pull up the jam track and try playing the scale other letters do... Way is to start with the notes we lower are the 3rd by a tone. If you want to play up and down the neck with ease and break out of those Patterns... Is 1, b3, 4, 5, b7 to build the natural 7th contained the! Playing it on the guitar with step-by-step lessons for Free! minor chord is 1,,. Two frets ) the same way with all the other letters seen how the minor pentatonic Fluency... This guitar lesson three ways to build a scale from the intervals of natural.

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