The Druze community, more correctly known as the Muwahideen, number close to 120,000 in Israel. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The religious community adds certain other philosophies of other religions in to it such as the Neoplatonism. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. After local success, Syrian nationalists outside the Druze community joined the revolt, and the rebellion spread throughout the region and into Damascus before it was suppressed in 1927. Also called the Druse, Duruz, Duroz, and the Tawhid faith, there are about 750,000-800,000 of them today, primarily in Syria, Lebanon, and Israel. © 2020 International Fellowship of Christians and Jews All rights reserved. Islam. In 2011, however, he backed the pro-Syrian Hezbollah in Lebanonâs political crisis. Therefore, they concluded that people today already had their chance to join, centuries ago, and the religion has been closed to converts since 1050. Druze is thought to be a community which was derived from Ismaili sect. The Druze do not have their own homeland. They believe that God was incarnated on earth in the form of their leader, al-Hakim bi-Amrih Alla. Many Druze religious practices are kept secret, even from the community as a whole. The Druze religion is a small, old, unique, and mysterious practice. Members of the Druze faith face an added pressure: keeping the religion alive. From the 16th to the 19th century, a series of powerful feudal lords dominated Druze political life. Women are encouraged to participate in daily prayer, can take part in religious ceremonies, and are able to initiate divorce. They do not have access to the holy writings of the faith, do not attend the religious meetings, and in general are not expected to follow the ascetic rulings of the al-Uqqal. Druze â about the goodness. Moreover, the son of Sulá¹Än al-Aá¹rash, Maná¹£Å«r al-Aá¹rash, became one of the founding members of the Syrian BaÊ¿th Party. Most of the Druze in Syria arrived from Lebanon in the 18th century and settled around Al-SuwaydÄÊ¾ in the region of Jabal al-DurÅ«z (the Druze Mountains), where the vast majority of Druze in Syria continue to live today. The Druze is a monotheistic religious group found primarily in Syria, Lebanon and Israel. The Druze do not have their own homeland. They hold the Qur'an to be sacred, but look upon it as an outer shell, holding an "inner, esoteric meaning." Their religion is a secretive one and the community is very close-knit. Druze soldiers have since fought for Israel in every Arab-Israeli war. Religious comparison. Israeli Druze rarely marry across religious lines. The Druze remained politically salient figures for decades to come. Many Druze religious practices are kept secret, even from the community as a whole. Al-Juhhal represents the majority of Druze members, approximately 80% of the community, and is the “unlearned” group. Mucâ¦ Druze posing for a picture at Mount Hermon, on the border of Syria and Lebanon. A minority of Druze who live in the Golan Heights protested when the Israelis annexed the land from Syria, following the Six-Day War. In fact, for more than â¦ Where the reincarnation is a paramount tenet in the Druze faith. The Druze place heavy emphasis on philosophy and spiritual purity. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Druze faith originated in Egypt as an offshoot of IsmaÊ¿Ä«lÄ« ShÄ«Ê¿ism when, during the reign of the sixth FÄá¹imid caliph, the eccentric al-á¸¤Äkim bi-Amr AllÄh (ruled 996â1021), some IsmaÊ¿Ä«lÄ« theologians began to organize a movement proclaiming al-á¸¤Äkim a divine figure. While Lebanon has the largest concentration of Druze, the much larger country of Syria has the largest total population of Druzeâmore than 600,000. It is a collection of books, of â¦ Another Druze revolt led to a national uprising and the overthrow of Pres. The Druze people in Israel live in the Carmel region, the Galilee, and the Golan. They call themselves muwaá¸¥á¸¥idÅ«n (âunitariansâ). The communities are located along the western edges of the Lebanon Mountains as well as in the southeastern portion of the country, and the total Druze population numbers well over 300,000. Members of the community have attained top positions in Israeli politics and public service. The Druze are unique among the Arab communities in Israel, known for their loyalty to the state. The Druze religion has its roots in Islam. Fact #1: Druze is a monotheistic religion and are often referred to as âPeople of Monotheism.â Fact #2: Druze originated in Egypt at the end of the 10th century. Adib al-Shishakli in 1954. Greek philosophy and Asiatic thought both heavily influenced the religionâs foundation. Among Syrians, this revolt is remembered as the nationâs first nationalist uprising. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The Druze call themselves Muwahhidun(Unitarians). In 1017 the doctrine was publicly preached for the first time, causing riots in Cairo. There was also conflict within the emerging movement as the leading proponent of the doctrine of al-á¸¤Äkimâs divinity, á¸¤amzah ibn Ê¿AlÄ« ibn Aá¸¥mad al-ZÅ«zanÄ«, found himself competing for authority and followers with a former disciple, Muá¸¥ammad al-DarÄzÄ«. Over the political leadership of the Druze grew substantially during his era significant political in. 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