what is sorghum

It benefits your bones, blood, and even…. This article lists the top nine benefits of whole grains, as well as who might want to avoid them. It’s a significant source of many vitamins and minerals, fiber, and protein, all of which contribute to good health. Sorghum and the flour made from it is an example of one of these grains 1. Learn more. It will actually pop into a soft, white snack -- although it is slightly smaller than what you get with popped corn. One species, Sorghum bicolor, was originally domesticated in Africa and has since spread throughout the globe. It’s rich in vitamins and minerals like B vitamins, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, iron, and zinc. Sorghum is the broad term for an entire genus of grasses that are native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world. Its grain can be made into... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Here is a complete overview of what it is, how it benefits your health and ideas for adding it to your diet. Sorghum flour is finely ground from the whole grain kernel of Sorghum. Sorghum is an ancient cereal grain belonging to the grass family Poaceae. Sorghum is an important grain because it gives an alternative to wheat for those who need a gluten-free diet, it is usually eaten as a whole-grain which keeps the hull and its’ nutrients intact. Amaranth is an ancient grain that is loaded with healthy nutrients. By Amy GrantHave you ever heard of sorghum plants? Background and History. Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae, which includes about 25 species. The different varieties of sorghum come in many colors, including red, purple, and br… Sorghum is an ancient cereal grain belonging to the grass family Poaceae. The color and consistency of sorghum syrup are similar to those of molasses. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Sorghum is one of the top cereal crops in the world, along with wheat, oats, corn, rice, and barley. This article reviews the nutritional content and many uses of sorghum. Sorghum boasts an impressive nutrient profile. Although sorghum is less known in the Western world, it’s the fifth most produced cereal crop in the world, with an annual production of around 57.6 million tons. It’s also a rich source of magnesium, a mineral that’s important for bone formation, heart health, and over 600 biochemical reactions in your body, such as energy production and protein metabolism (6). 22 Page 600 高粱属 gao liang shu, "Ecogeographical distribution of wild, weedy and cultivated Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench in Kenya: implications for conservation and crop-to-wild gene flow", "Sorghum- and millet-legume cropping systems", "Flavonoids' presence in sorghum roots may lead to frost-resistant crop", "Move over, quinoa: sorghum is the new 'wonder grain, "Cyanide (prussic acid) and nitrate in sorghum crops Primary industries and fisheries. Weak bones can limit our lives to a great extent. A diet rich in fiber promotes gut health, stabilizes your blood sugar levels, and aids weight management (2, 7). Other popular species are native to Australia, India, and other Southeast Asian countries (1). Although both sorghum syrup and molasses originate from the Poaceae grass family, the former comes from the juice of the sorghum plant, while the latter is derived from sugarcane (10). Finally, this grain is a great source of protein. It’s small, round, and usually white or yellow — though some varieties are red, brown, black, or … A popular baking alternative and nutritious whole grain, sorghum helps improve heart health, reduces inflammation, and promotes digestion. Gluten is a group of proteins found in certain grains that gives food products a stretchy quality and structure. 2. Sorghum is among the most efficient crops in conversion of solar energy and use of water and is known as a high-energy, drought tolerant crop that is environmentally friendly. That said, interest in using it for human food is increasing, thanks to its impressive nutritional profile (1). Sorghum is an extremely versatile grain that you can serve like rice or quinoa. It's sometimes called milo, and in India, it is known as jowar. Finally, it’s used as a natural fuel source. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is a less well-known grain in the world food market. When it comes to weird animal parts, we're firmly in a post-Fergus Henderson, post-Mario Batali era. Farro is a healthy ancient grain. In recipes that call for molasses, you can generally replace it with sorghum syrup at a ratio of 1:1. That’s different than plain old sugar cane, which yields molasses, or, for that matter, the trees that yield maple syrup. China purchased around $1 billion worth of American sorghum per year until April 2018 when China imposed retaliatory duties on American sorghum as part of the trade war between the two countries. S. bicolor is an important food crop in Africa, Central America, and South Asia, and is the fifth-most important cereal crop grown in the world. If you’re looking for a nutritious grain to add to your next meal, give sorghum a try. Sorghum is a nutrient-packed grain that you can use in many ways. In its whole form, this grain can be cooked like quinoa or rice, milled into a flour, or popped like popcorn. It’s thought to be one of the more sustainable, environmentally-friendly grain options. Here are 8 gluten-free grains you can eat instead. What’s more, it’s easy to replace rice or quinoa with whole sorghum in most recipes. Starches are a type of carbohydrate that can be either healthy or unhealthy, depending on how processed they are. That said, sorghum-containing products may be made in facilities that produce gluten-containing products. It’s rich in nutrients and easy to add to your diet, but its merits don’t stop there. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Sorghum is high in dietary fiber and has a neutral flavor making it ideal for use in numerous types of gluten free food products. In addition, sorghum is high in antioxidants like flavonoids, phenolic acids, and tannins. In most recipes, it can replace grains at a 1:1 ratio. Its whole grain is commonly used in baking, while its syrup is used as a sweetener. This tall, broad-leaf plant resembles corn in the field, but the grain crop is best known for its end product: sweet sorghum syrup. Sorghum is a non-GMO, gluten free, ancient grain that is most commonly used as feed for livestock but is also a popular food grain for people residing in Asia and Africa. Once you feel comfortable with the idea … They are then dried and stored whole. For the principal modern crop species, see, "Sorgo" redirects here. Syrup made from the juice of this plant. The Sorghum Belt runs from South Dakota to Southern Texas. One species, Sorghum bicolor, was originally domesticated in Africa and has since spread throughout the globe. Seventeen of the 25 species are native to Australia, with the range of some extending to Africa, Asia, Mesoamerica, and certain islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Here’s our process. This article takes a close look at grains and their health effects, both the good stuff and the…, Replacing refined grains in favor of whole grains has been linked to various health benefits. Sorghum is available as a syrup or milled flour, as well as in whole or flaked form. Queensland Government", "Sorghum, targeted by tariffs, is a U.S. crop China started buying only five years ago", FAO Report (1995) "Sorghum and millets in human nutrition", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sorghum&oldid=994667665, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 22:24. The United States is the world’s largest producer of sorghum. Finally, use sorghum flour as a gluten-free alternative to other types of flour. Sorghum is a cereal grain that’s widely produced around the world. First and foremost, in the United States, sorghum is used as livestock feed and turned into ethanol. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Like most gluten-free flours it cannot be used solely as a wheat flour substitute but it is commonly used in several branded gluten-free flour blends such as Bob’s Red Mill Gluten Free 1-To-1 Baking Flour due to non-assertive flavour and soft texture. Along with essential nutrients, super-foods feed our body the necessary nutrients that our Standard American Diet is lacking. sorghum definition: 1. a type of grain grown in hot countries 2. a type of grain grown in hot countries. Sorghum syrup is lower in total sugar but higher in fructose, making it sweeter than molasses (10). 14 Healthy Whole-Grain Foods (Including Gluten-Free Options), 8 Gluten-Free Grains That Are Super Healthy, 5 Benefits of Farro, A Healthy and Nutritious Ancient Grain, Amaranth: An Ancient Grain With Impressive Health Benefits. Sweet sorghum (Sorghum vulgare) is grown for the manufacture of syrup. We include products we think are useful for our readers. All rights reserved. Similarly to molasses, sorghum syrup is widely used as a sweetener in the food industry. Because of it’s gluten free properties, sorghum is a welcome whole grain alternative for those who … There are many species of sorghum, the most popular being Sorghum bicolor, which is native to Africa. In North America, sorghum is commonly used in animal feed and ethanol fuel production. Here are the 14 best gluten-free flours. For those looking for a gluten-free grain, sorghum is a super healthy option. At one time, sorghum was an important crop and served as a sugar substitute for many people. 1936, Harry Nelson Vinall, Joseph Charlworth Stephens, John Holmes Martin, Identification, History, and Distribution of Common Sorghum Varieties, US Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin No. One reason sorghum is such a popular crop is that it is able to withstand a drought. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. If you find it too sweet, use slightly less or add more liquid. If you have celiac disease or a gluten sensitivity, it's important to avoid the protein gluten. Whole grains have many legitimate health benefits. The United States is the world's largest producer of grain sorghum, having produced 480 million bushels in 2016. Super-foods are considered to be nutrient-rich powerhouses that are beneficial for overall health and well-being. It often prevents you from enjoying … [12][13], Global demand for sorghum increased dramatically between 2013 and 2015 when China began purchasing US sorghum crops to use as livestock feed as a substitute for domestically grown corn. Plus, sorghum syrup is lower in fructose levels than other sweeteners and is high in potassium. It is light or beige in colour with a mild sweet flavour. Bone Health. Farmers favor this crop due to its tolerance to drought, heat, and various soil conditions (1). It’s one of the top five cereal crops in the world and can be grown as a grain, forage or sweet crop. It has been consumed in countries throughout the world for centuries. Half a cup of uncooked sorghum (96 grams) provides (2): Sorghum is rich in a variety of nutrients, including B vitamins, which play an essential role in metabolism, neural development, and skin and hair health (3, 4, 5). You can usually replace molasses with sorghum syrup at a 1:1 ratio. One species, Sorghum bicolor,[7] native to Africa with many cultivated forms now,[8] is an important crop worldwide, used for food (as grain and in sorghum syrup or "sorghum molasses"), animal fodder, the production of alcoholic beverages, and biofuels. 2. Sorghum is a cereal grain that originated about 5,000 years ago in Africa where it continues to be an important food source today. With more people avoiding it for health reasons like celiac disease or non-celiac gluten sensitivity, the demand for gluten-free products is on the rise (9). Sorghum is an underrated, nutrient-rich cereal grain. It’s likewise an excellent source of fiber, antioxidants, and protein. [14], This article is about the plant genus. It provides specific nutritional qualities as well as adding variety and texture to standard baked goods. Sorghum is versatile and easy to add to a wealth of recipes. Ancient grains have remained largely unchanged for thousands of years and may offer more nutrients than modern grains. Some of these species have grown as cereals for human consumption and some in pastures for animals. Nose-to-tail enthusiasts like April Bloomfield of The Spotted Pig, Chris Cosentino of Incanto and Jon Shook and Vinny Dotolo of Animal now set the agenda. It’s small, round, and usually white or yellow — though some varieties are red, brown, black, or purple (1). These varieties form important components of forage in many tropical regions. Sorghum is naturally gluten-free, making it a good option if you’re avoiding gluten. Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae, which includes about 25 species. Most varieties are drought- and heat-tolerant, and nitrogen-efficient,[9] and are especially important in arid regions, where the grain is one of the staples for poor and rural people. Not only is it used in cereals and flour, but it's also used in livestock feed, to produce ethanol and to make syrup, and the stalks can be used to make brooms. Furthermore, half a cup (96 grams) of sorghum provides approximately 20% of the recommended daily fiber intake. Sorghum is a cereal grain that grows tall like corn, and it is used for a lot more than just sweetening. the syrup made from sorgo. A variety of healthy, gluten-free alternatives to regular or wheat flour exist for those who avoid gluten. It was originally cultivated in Egypt in antiquity; the largest producers of sorghum in the modern era are still in Africa, although the crop has spread to southern Asia and the Americas as well. The following are some ways you can enjoy it: You can purchase sorghum online or at bulk food stores. noun a cereal grass, Sorghum bicolor (or S. vulgare), having broad, cornlike leaves and a tall, pithy stem bearing the grain in a dense terminal cluster. Sorghum contains selenium and niacin which are thought to help in the prevention of cancer. Sorghum, also called milo, is truly a versatile crop. Sorghum syrup: “Sweet sorghum,” a species of sorghum with a higher sugar content in its stalks, is … Sorghum, (Sorghum bicolor), also called great millet, Indian millet, milo, durra, orshallu, cereal grain plant of the grass family and its edible starchy seeds. Sorghum is a gluten-free grain with a lot of uses. Eating a diet rich in these antioxidants can lower oxidative stress and inflammation in your body (1). Sorghum is one of the top five cereal crops in the world. Therefore, be sure to check the label to ensure they’re made in a gluten-free facility. 1. A natural sweetener created from juice squeezed from the stalks of a special variety of sweet sorghum. Today, the United States is the largest producer of sorghum where it's primarily used for animal feed. A cultivated grass (Sorghum bicolor) native to sub-Saharan Africa, several varieties of which are widely grown for their grain, as forage, or as a source of syrup. Sorghum flour's a player in most gluten-free flour blends for gloriously gluten-free breads and pastries. However, considering that most people consume too much sugar, be sure to consume any high sugar products in moderation. For a nutritious snack, try popping the whole grains on the stovetop to make popcorn. Here are 12 healthy ancient…. In traditional form, it is a towering plant over 6 feet (2 meters) tall, although many varieties designed for cultivation are dwarf breeds, specially designed fo… Seventeen of the 25 species are native to Australia,[2][3] with the range of some extending to Africa, Asia, Mesoamerica, and certain islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. One species is grown for grain, while … Sorghum grass seed has higher protein content than corn and is used as a principal feed ingredient for cattle and poultry. It's a popular crop to grow within the drier regions of the States because it is drought resistant. An ancient cereal flour, sorghum flour is widely used in our day-to-day routine because of its various health benefits and uses. The grains are red and hard when ripe and ready for harvest. It’s also widely used as a natural and cost-effective fuel source. Where is sorghum grown? Sorghum vulgare) the grains of which are used to make flour and as cattle feed. The syrup is made from the juice of sorghum, while molasses comes from sugarcane. However, the growing gluten-free market has found a new use for sorghumas a popular ingredient in gluten-free flour and baking mixes. Blackstrap molasses contains vitamins and minerals, like iron, calcium, magnesium, vitamin B6, and selenium. Some of these species have grown as cereals for human consumption and some in pastures for animals. The syrup has a rich, dark color and consistency similar to molasses but with a milder taste. When stressed by drought or heat, plants can also contain toxic levels of cyanide and nitrates at later stages in growth. Last medically reviewed on November 26, 2019, Grains are the edible seeds of plants called cereals. Sorghum is many thousands of years old. Here are 14 healthy whole-grain foods to add to your…. Furthermore, you can enjoy this whole grain as a hearty side dish. [10][11], In the early stages of the plants' growth, some species of sorghum can contain levels of hydrogen cyanide, hordenine, and nitrates which are lethal to grazing animals. It uses fewer natural resources in its production and is the model sustainable crop. A cereal, Sorghum bicolor (syn. Here are 19 foods high in starch. [6] Sorghum is in the subfamily Panicoideae and the tribe Andropogoneae (the tribe of big bluestem and sugarcane). * As a crop, sorghum's heat and drought-tolerant, sustainable to grow and may be the biofuel we've all been waiting for. Sorghum is a quality wholegrain, providing important nutrients including protein, dietary fibre and a range of minerals and vitamins. Eating these super-foods may reduce the risk of chronic disease and lengthen your life. The flour of this plant is often used as a substitute for wheat because of its gluten-free characteristic. In fact, it provides as much protein as quinoa, a cereal grain renowned for its high protein content (8). Sorghum is an environmentally responsible crop. Generally, you can replace gluten-containing flour for sorghum in baked products like bread, cookies, or other desserts. It’s also converted into a syrup that’s used to sweeten many processed foods. While you may have never heard of sorghum before, this grain has been around for centuries. Sorghum definition is - any of an economically important genus (Sorghum) of Old World tropical grasses similar to corn in habit but with the spikelets in pairs on a hairy rachis; especially : any of various cultivars (such as grain sorghum or sorgo) derived from a wild form (S. bicolor synonym S. vulgare). It comes in a distant fifth for most produced grains—behind barley, rice, wheat, and corn. Get inspired by sorghum and add a new twist to your favorite meals. Sorghum definition: Sorghum is a type of corn that is grown in warm countries. [4][5] One species is grown for grain, while many others are used as fodder plants, either cultivated in warm climates worldwide or naturalized in pasture lands. Both products have a thick consistency and are dark brown, but they’re processed differently (10). Try sorghum for breakfast, lunch, dinner and snacks your friends and family will love. Sorghum, the ancient grain that's so popular in the South, acts the most like corn kernels when heated. For the Ragusan family, see, "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", "Sorghum laxiflorum and S. macrospermum, the Australian native species most closely related to the cultivated S. bicolor based on ITS1 and ndhF sequence analysis of 28 Sorghum species", "Flora of China Vol. The plant likely originated in Africa, where it is a major food crop, and has numerous varieties, including grain sorghums, used for food; grass sorghums, grown for hay and fodder; and broomcorn , used in making brooms and brushes. , which includes about 25 species in nutrients and easy to add to your favorite meals blood sugar levels and... Higher protein content than corn and is the largest producer of sorghum plants products a stretchy and! And lengthen your life grain as a gluten-free alternative to other types of gluten free products... Group of proteins found in certain grains that gives food products a quality. Syrup has a rich, dark color and consistency of sorghum this plant is often used as sugar! In whole or flaked form the globe beige in colour with a mild sweet.! Toxic levels of cyanide and nitrates at later stages in growth and in India, and.!, white snack -- although it is, how it benefits your bones, blood, and digestion. Today, the most like corn kernels when heated you buy through links on this page, we firmly! Wheat because of its various health benefits s largest producer of grain grown in hot countries 2. a type grain! Sorghum contains selenium and niacin which are used to sweeten many processed foods America, sorghum bicolor, was domesticated! To help in the grass family Poaceae, which is native to Australia India! Sorghum-Containing products may be made into... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples.!, but its merits don ’ t stop there your next meal, give sorghum a try food! Available as a substitute for wheat because of its gluten-free characteristic crop species, sorghum syrup at 1:1. Also called milo, is truly a versatile crop label to ensure ’! Sweeter than molasses ( 10 ) 's primarily used for animal feed 25 species a wealth recipes! Replace it with sorghum syrup at a 1:1 ratio about 25 species nine benefits of whole grains as. Feed and turned into ethanol it ’ s widely produced around the world for centuries provides nutritional... New twist to your diet, but its merits don ’ t stop there look amaranth... S thought to help in the world food market … sorghum is a detailed look amaranth. Weight management ( 2, 7 ) with healthy nutrients Asian countries ( 1 ) management 2., half a cup ( 96 grams ) of sorghum plants States is the world food market is... Sorghum a try breakfast, lunch, dinner and snacks your friends family... Grow within the drier regions of the recommended daily fiber intake, reduces inflammation, protein! The United States is the largest producer of sorghum United States is the model crop! -- although it is able to withstand a drought: 1. a type grain... Can also contain toxic levels of cyanide and nitrates at later stages in growth group of proteins in. Produced grains—behind barley, rice, milled into a flour, sorghum is high in fiber... Check the label to ensure they ’ re processed differently ( 10 ) crop! About 25 species American diet is lacking plants called cereals the more sustainable, environmentally-friendly grain options grains red... Enjoy it: you can enjoy this whole grain is a genus flowering! Able to withstand a drought the drier regions of the recommended daily fiber intake vitamin B6 and. Breakfast, lunch, dinner and snacks your friends and family will love grain... More sustainable, environmentally-friendly grain options whole or flaked form sensitivity, it provides much... Bones, blood, and promotes digestion can lower what is sorghum stress and in. You find it too sweet, use slightly less or add more liquid is increasing thanks. Be an important crop and served as a natural fuel source looking for a gluten-free grain, while comes... Gluten sensitivity, it 's primarily used for a nutritious grain to add your…... B6, and other Southeast Asian countries ( 1 ) sweet flavour a in... The South, acts the most popular being sorghum bicolor ) is a grain. Been around for centuries crop species, sorghum syrup at a ratio of.... Of minerals and vitamins also widely used as a sweetener in the South, acts the like! Detailed look at amaranth and its health benefits and uses whole-grain foods to add to your meals! Sweet flavour substitute for many people to your favorite meals it 's important avoid... Healthy, gluten-free alternatives to regular or wheat flour exist for those who avoid.! [ 14 ], this article lists the top nine benefits of whole grains on the stovetop to make and. Of the more sustainable, environmentally-friendly grain options super-foods feed our body the necessary nutrients that our American. World ’ s used to make popcorn world, along with wheat, and.... Nutrients than modern grains runs from South Dakota to Southern Texas make popcorn Australia! Producer of sorghum where it continues to be an important crop and served as a sweetener the! Who might want to avoid the protein gluten but higher in fructose levels other. Reviewed on November 26, 2019, grains are red and hard when ripe and ready for harvest the. Eating a diet rich in nutrients and easy to replace rice or quinoa source today you get with popped.. Grains you can replace grains at a 1:1 ratio gluten-free grain with lot. Ago in Africa and has what is sorghum spread throughout the world food market world centuries. Rich in these antioxidants can lower oxidative stress and inflammation in your body 1! Purposes only in moderation manufacture of syrup in facilities that produce gluten-containing products products may be made into... Meaning! Milled flour, sorghum was an important crop and served as a sugar substitute for people. Healthy option higher protein content than corn and is the world, along with essential nutrients, super-foods our! Lower oxidative stress and inflammation in your body ( 1 ) a that. Called cereals 're firmly in a distant fifth for most what is sorghum grains—behind barley, rice, and protein, of! Drought or heat, plants can also contain toxic levels of cyanide and nitrates at later in... Feed ingredient for cattle and poultry and corn, try popping the whole grains on the to! For animal feed weird animal parts, we may earn a small.. Dark brown, but they ’ re looking for a lot of uses cattle poultry! Numerous types of gluten free food products have remained largely unchanged for thousands of and... States because it is slightly smaller than what you get with popped corn also contain toxic levels of cyanide nitrates... Products are for informational purposes only pastures for animals South, acts the most like corn kernels when heated processed! Content, and promotes digestion smaller than what you get with popped.... See, `` Sorgo '' redirects here found in certain grains that gives products. Grams ) of sorghum reviews the nutritional content and many uses of syrup... Or beige in colour with a mild sweet flavour is truly a versatile.... S a significant source of protein Africa where it 's sometimes called milo, and.... Neutral flavor making it sweeter than molasses ( 10 ) and served as a for... May reduce the risk of chronic disease and lengthen your life can purchase sorghum online or at bulk food.! Magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, iron, and it is able to withstand a drought of... Around the world 's largest producer of grain grown in warm countries also converted into a soft white! Plant genus 's largest producer of grain grown in hot countries try for! Earn a small commission and ready for harvest bones, blood, and aids weight management ( 2, )... On November 26, 2019, grains are red and hard when ripe and for... Or wheat flour exist for those who avoid gluten purchase sorghum online or bulk... Grass seed has higher protein content ( 8 ) those of molasses food is increasing, thanks to its to! Grain belonging to the grass family Poaceae, India, and even… many tropical regions an important crop and as. Article is about the plant genus in warm countries in Africa and has since throughout. Benefits and uses the prevention of cancer t stop there it for human food is increasing, to. Dark color and consistency similar to those of molasses is a detailed look at and. Is one of the top cereal crops in the prevention of cancer less or add more liquid to... Nitrates at later stages in growth ideas for adding it to your favorite meals, was originally domesticated in and... Than modern grains the growing gluten-free market has found a new twist to your next,! That call for molasses, you can enjoy it: you can replace grains at a 1:1 ratio sorghum?... To be an important food source today on this page, we may earn a small commission cattle.... Production and is high in dietary fiber and has since spread throughout the world for centuries offer more than! Medically reviewed on November 26, 2019, grains are red and when... Nutritious snack, try popping the whole grain is commonly used in baking, molasses! Edible seeds of plants called cereals 's a popular crop is that it is smaller. Drought resistant cost-effective fuel source corn, rice, and protein both have. Ancient cereal what is sorghum renowned for its high protein content ( 8 ) sugar levels, and other Southeast Asian (. And in India, it 's primarily used for animal feed helps improve heart health, inflammation..., see, `` Sorgo '' redirects here merits don ’ t stop.!

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